Chapter 69 — Physical Human-Robot Interaction

Torque control for teaching peg-in-hole via physical human-robot interaction

Teaching by demonstration is a typical application for impedance controllers. A practical demonstration was given with the task of teaching for automatic insertion of a piston into a motor block. Teaching is realized by guiding the robot with the human hand. It was initially known that the axes of the holes in the motor block were vertically oriented. In the teaching phase, high stiffness components for the orientations were commanded (150 Nm/rad), while the translational stiffness was set to zero. This allowed only translational movements to be demonstrated by the human operator. In the second phase, the taught trajectory has been automatically reproduced by the robot. In this phase, high values were assigned for the translational stiffness (3000 N/m), while the stiffness for the rotations was low (60 Nm/rad). This enabled the robot to compensate for the remaining position errors. For two pistons, the total time for the assembly was 6 s. In this experiment, the assembly was executed automatically four-times faster than by the human operator holding the robot as an input device in the teaching phase (24 s), while the free-hand execution of the task by a human requires about 4 s.
Alin-Albu Schäffer